[PDF] Separation Process Principles - J. D. Seader, Ernest J. Henley, D. Keith Roper - 4th Edition

Separation Process Principles – J. D. Seader, Ernest J. Henley, D. Keith Roper – 4th Edition

Descripción

Separation Process Principles with Applications Using Process Simulator, 4th Edition es el tratamiento más completo y actualizado de las principales operaciones de separación en la industria química. La cuarta edición se centra en el uso de simuladores de procesos para diseñar procesos de separación y prepara a los lectores para la práctica profesional. Completamente reescrita para mejorar la claridad, esta cuarta edición brinda a los ingenieros una sólida comprensión del campo.

Con la ayuda de un coautor adicional, el texto presenta nueva información sobre bioseparaciones a lo largo de los capítulos. Un nuevo capítulo sobre separaciones mecánicas cubre la sedimentación, la filtración y la centrifugación, incluidas las separaciones mecánicas en biotecnología y lisis celular. Los cuadros ayudan a resaltar las ecuaciones fundamentales. También se integran numerosos ejemplos y ejercicios nuevos.

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  • 1. Separation Processes
    1.0 Instructional Objectives
    1.1 Industrial Chemical Processes
    1.2 Basic Separation Techniques
    1.3 Separations by Phase Creation
    1.4 Separations by Phase Addition
    1.5 Separations by Barrier
    1.6 Separations by an External Field or Gradient
    1.7 Brief Comparison of Common Separation Operations
    1.8 Separation Processes, Product Purity, Component Recovery, and Separation Sequences
    Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    2. Thermodynamics of Separation Operations
    2.0 Instructional Objectives
    2.1 Phase Equilibria
    2.2 Ideal-Gas, Ideal-Liquid-Solution Model
    2.3 Graphical Representation of Thermodynamic Properties
    2.4 Nonideal Thermodynamic Property Models
    2.5 P-v-T Equation-of-State (EOS) Models
    2.6 Highly Nonideal Liquid Solutions
    2.7 Gibbs Excess Free-Energy (gE) Models
    2.8 Predictive Models
    2.9 Electrolyte Solution Models
    2.10 Polymer Solution Models
    2.11 K-Value Methods in Process Simulators
    2.12 Exergy and Second-Law Analysis
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    3. Mass Transfer and Diffusion
    3.0 Instructional Objectives
    3.1 Steady-State, Ordinary Molecular Diffusion
    3.2 Diffusion Coefficients (Diffusivities)
    3.3 Steady-State and Unsteady-State Mass Transfer Through Stationary Media
    3.4 Mass Transfer in Laminar Flow
    3.5 Mass Transfer in Turbulent Flow
    3.6 Models for Mass Transfer in Fluids with a Fluid–Fluid Interface
    3.7 Two-Film Theory and Overall Mass-Transfer Coefficients
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    4. Single Equilibrium Stages and Flash Calculations
    4.0 Instructional Objectives
    4.1 Gibbs’ Phase Rule and Degrees of Freedom
    4.2 Binary Vapor–Liquid Systems at Equilibrium
    4.3 Equilibrium Two-Phase Flash Calculations
    4.4 Ternary Liquid–Liquid Systems at Equilibrium
    4.5 Multicomponent Liquid–Liquid Systems
    4.6 Liquid–Solid Systems
    4.7 Gas–Liquid Systems
    4.8 Gas–Solid Systems
    4.9 Three-Phase Equilibrium Systems
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    5. Multistage Cascades and Hybrid Systems
    5.0 Instructional Objectives
    5.1 Cascade Configurations
    5.2 Single-Section Liquid–Liquid Extraction Cascades
    5.3 Two-Section Distillation Cascades
    5.4 Membrane Cascades
    5.5 Hybrid Systems
    5.6 Degrees of Freedom and Specifications for Cascades
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    6. Absorption and Stripping
    6.0 Instructional Objectives
    6.1 Equipment for Vapor–Liquid Separations
    6.2 General Design Considerations
    6.3 Graphical Method for Trayed Towers
    6.4 Kremser Group Method for Multicomponent Absorption and Stripping
    6.5 Stage Efficiency and Column Height for Trayed Columns
    6.6 Flooding, Column Diameter, and Tray Layout for Trayed Columns
    6.7 Rate-Based Method for Packed Columns
    6.8 Packed-Column Liquid Holdup, Diameter, Flooding, Pressure Drop, and Mass-Transfer Efficiency
    6.9 Reactive (Chemical) Absorption
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    7. Distillation of Binary Mixtures
    7.0 Instructional Objectives
    7.1 Equipment and Design Considerations
    7.2 McCabe–Thiele Graphical Method for Trayed Towers
    7.3 Extensions of the McCabe–Thiele Method
    7.4 Estimation of Tray Efficiency for Distillation
    7.5 Column and Reflux-Drum Diameters
    7.6 Rate-Based Method for Packed Distillation Columns
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    8. Liquid–Liquid Extraction with Ternary Systems
    8.0 Instructional Objectives
    8.1 Equipment for Solvent Extraction
    8.2 General Design Considerations
    8.3 Hunter–Nash Graphical Equilibrium-Stage Method
    8.4 Theory and Scale-Up of Extractor Performance
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    9. Approximate Methods for Multicomponent Distillation
    9.0 Instructional Objectives
    9.1 Fenske–Underwood–Gilliland (FUG) Method
    9.2 Using the Shortcut (FUG) Method with Process Simulators
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    10. Equilibrium-Based Methods for Multicomponent Absorption, Stripping, Distillation, and Extraction
    10.0 Instructional Objectives
    10.1 Simple Model for a Vapor–Liquid Equilibrium Stage
    10.2 Evolution of Methods for Solving the Mesh Equations
    10.3 Strategies for Applying Process-Simulator Methods
    10.4 Main Mathematical Procedures
    10.5 Bubble-Point (BP) and Sum-Rates (SR) Methods
    10.6 Simultaneous-Correction Method
    10.7 Inside-Out Method
    10.8 Rigorous Methods for Liquid–Liquid Extraction
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    11. Enhanced Distillation and Supercritical Extraction
    11.0 Instructional Objectives
    11.1 Use of Triangular Graphs
    11.2 Extractive Distillation
    11.3 Salt Distillation
    11.4 Pressure-Swing Distillation
    11.5 Homogeneous Azeotropic Distillation
    11.6 Heterogeneous Azeotropic Distillation
    11.7 Reactive Distillation
    11.8 Supercritical-Fluid Extraction
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    12. Rate-Based Models for Vapor–Liquid Separation Operations
    12.0 Instructional Objectives
    12.1 Rate-Based Model
    12.2 Thermodynamic Properties and Transport-Rate Expressions
    12.3 Methods for Estimating Transport Coefficients and Interfacial Area
    12.4 Vapor and Liquid Flow Patterns
    12.5 Method of Calculation
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    13. Batch Distillation
    13.0 Instructional Objectives
    13.1 Differential Distillation
    13.2 Binary Batch Rectification
    13.3 Batch Stripping and Complex Batch Distillation
    13.4 Effect of Liquid Holdup
    13.5 Stage-by-Stage Methods for Batch Rectification
    13.6 Intermediate-Cut Strategy
    13.7 Optimal Control by Variation of Reflux Ratio
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises Suitable for an UG course ?Optional ?Advanced

    14. Membrane Separations
    14.0 Instructional Objectives
    14.1 Membrane Materials
    14.2 Membrane Modules
    14.3 Mass Transfer in Membranes
    14.4 Dialysis
    14.5 Electrodialysis
    14.6 Reverse Osmosis
    14.7 Gas Permeation
    14.8 Pervaporation
    Nomenclature, Summary, References, Study Questions, Exercises

    15. Adsorption, Ion Exchange, and Chromatography
    15.0 Instructional Objectives
    15.1 Sorbents
    15.2 Equilibrium Considerations
    15.3 Kinetic and Transport Rate Considerations
    15.4 Equipment for Sorption Operations
    15.5 Slurry and Fixed-Bed Adsorption Systems
    15.6 Continuous, Countercurrent Adsorption Systems
    15.7 Ion-Exchange Cycle
    15.8 Chromatographic Separations
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